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, Malus domestica
, M. domestica
, aplle tree
The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree.It is one of the most widely
cultivated tree fruits. The tree is small and deciduous, reaching 5–12 m tall,
with a broad, often densely twiggy crown. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars
of apples resulting in range of desired characteristics.
Apples can be canned, juiced, and optionally fermented to produce apple juice,
cider, ciderkin, vinegar, and pectin. Distilled apple cider produces the spirits applejack and Calvados.
Apple wine can also be made.Apples are an important ingredient in many desserts, such as apple pie,
apple crumble, apple crisp and apple cake. They are often eaten baked or stewed,
and they can also be dried and eaten or re-constituted soaked in water,
alcohol or some other liquid for later use. Puréed apples are generally known as apple sauce.
Apples are also made into apple butter and apple jelly. They are also used cooked in meat dishes.