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, Prunus dulcis
, Prunus amygdalus
, P. dulcis
, almond tree
, dried food
, food and drink
, healthy lifestyle
, healthcare and medicine
The almond is a small deciduous tree, growing to between 4 and 10 meters in height,
with a trunk of up to 30 centimeters in diameter.
An almond is also the seed of this tree.
The sweet almond itself contains practically no carbohydrates and may therefore be made into flour for cakes and cookies biscuits
for low-carbohydrate diets or for patients suffering from diabetes mellitus or any other form of glycosuria.
Almond flour is gluten-free and therefore a popular ingredient in cookery in place of wheat flour for gluten-sensitive people
and people with wheat allergies and coeliac disease. A standard serving of almond flour, 1 cup, contains 20 grams of carbohydrates,
of which 10 g is dietary fibre, for a net of 10 g of carbohydrate per cup. This makes almond flour very desirable for use in cake
and bread recipes by people on carbohydrate-restricted diets.
Almonds are a rich source of Vitamin E, containing 24 mg per 100 g.
They are also rich in monounsaturated fat, one of the two good fats responsible for lowering LDL cholesterol.