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This article is about the tree. For other uses, see Peach disambiguation.
Peach Foliage and fruit Foliage and fruit Scientific classification Kingdom,Plantae Division,
Magnoliophyta Class,Magnoliopsida Order,Rosales Family,Rosaceae Genus,Prunus Subgenus,Amygdalus Species,P. persica Binomial,name Prunus persica L. ,
Batsch Peaches edible part Nutritional value per 100 g 3.5 oz Energy 40 kcal 170 kJ Carbohydrates 9.5 g - Sugars 8.4 g - Dietary fibre 1.5 g Fat
0.3 g Protein 0.9 g Vitamin C 6.6 mg 11 Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source USDA Nutrient database The peach Prunus persica is a species of Prunus native to China that bears an edible juicy fruit also called a peach.
It is a deciduous tree growing to 5–10 m tall, belonging to the subfamily Prunoideae of the family Rosaceae.
It is classified with the almond in the subgenus Amygdalus within the genus Prunus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell.
The leaves are lanceolate, 7–15 cm long and 2–3 cm broad. The flowers are produced in early spring before the leaves
they are solitary or paired, 2.5–3 cm diameter, pink, with five petals. The fruit is a drupe, with a single large seed encased in hard wood
called the stone or pit, yellow or whitish flesh, a delicate aroma, and a skin that is either velvety peaches or smooth nectarines in different cultivars.
The flesh is very delicate and easily bruised in some cultivars, but is fairly firm in some commercial cultivars, especially when green.
The seed is red-brown, oval shaped and 1.5-2 cm long. Peaches, along with cherries, plums and apricots, are stone fruits drupes.